Light OJ: 1340 – Story of Tomisu Ghost

Problem Link : http://lightoj.com:81/volume/problem/1340

Details about Prime Factorization of Factorial : http://goo.gl/qbNxfH


/*
     If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door.

            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
            |S|.|S|.|R|.|A|.|S|.|A|.|M|.|K|
            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

    Success is how high you bounce when you hit bottom.
*/


#include <bits/stdc++.h>

#define pii              pair <int,int>
#define pll              pair <long long,long long>
#define sc               scanf
#define pf               printf
#define Pi               2*acos(0.0)
#define ms(a,b)          memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define pb(a)            push_back(a)
#define MP               make_pair
#define db               double
#define ll               long long
#define EPS              10E-10
#define ff               first
#define ss               second
#define sqr(x)           (x)*(x)
#define D(x)             cout<<#x " = "<<(x)<<endl
#define VI               vector <int>
#define DBG              pf("Hi\n")
#define MOD              10000019
#define CIN              ios_base::sync_with_stdio(0); cin.tie(0)
#define SZ(a)            (int)a.size()
#define sf(a)            scanf("%d",&a)
#define sfl(a)           scanf("%lld",&a)
#define sff(a,b)         scanf("%d %d",&a,&b)
#define sffl(a,b)        scanf("%lld %lld",&a,&b)
#define sfff(a,b,c)      scanf("%d %d %d",&a,&b,&c)
#define sfffl(a,b,c)     scanf("%lld %lld %lld",&a,&b,&c)
#define stlloop(v)       for(__typeof(v.begin()) it=v.begin();it!=v.end();it++)
#define loop(i,n)        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
#define REP(i,a,b)       for(int i=a;i<b;i++)
#define RREP(i,a,b)      for(int i=a;i>=b;i--)
#define TEST_CASE(t)     for(int z=1;z<=t;z++)
#define PRINT_CASE       printf("Case %d: ",z)
#define CASE_PRINT       cout<<"Case "<<z<<": "
#define all(a)           a.begin(),a.end()
#define intlim           2147483648
#define infinity         (1<<28)
#define ull              unsigned long long
#define gcd(a, b)        __gcd(a, b)
#define lcm(a, b)        ((a)*((b)/gcd(a,b)))

using namespace std;


/*----------------------Graph Moves----------------*/
//const int fx[]={+1,-1,+0,+0};
//const int fy[]={+0,+0,+1,-1};
//const int fx[]={+0,+0,+1,-1,-1,+1,-1,+1};   // Kings Move
//const int fy[]={-1,+1,+0,+0,+1,+1,-1,-1};  // Kings Move
//const int fx[]={-2, -2, -1, -1,  1,  1,  2,  2};  // Knights Move
//const int fy[]={-1,  1, -2,  2, -2,  2, -1,  1}; // Knights Move
/*------------------------------------------------*/

/*-----------------------Bitmask------------------*/
//int Set(int N,int pos){return N=N | (1<<pos);}
//int reset(int N,int pos){return N= N & ~(1<<pos);}
//bool check(int N,int pos){return (bool)(N & (1<<pos));}
/*------------------------------------------------*/

#define maxx 100005

bitset<maxx/2>vis;
vector<int>prime;

void sieve()
{
    int x=maxx/2, y=sqrt(maxx)/2;
    for(int i=1;i<=y;i++)
    {
        if(vis[i]==0)
        {
            for(int j=i*(i+1)*2;j<=x;j+=(2*i)+1)
                vis[j]=1;
        }
    }
    prime.pb(2);
    for(int i=3;i<maxx;i+=2)
        if(vis[i/2]==0)
            prime.pb(i);
}

ll bigmod(ll n, ll pow, ll mod)
{
    if(pow==0) return 1;
    if(pow%2==0)
    {
        ll ret=bigmod(n,pow/2,mod)%mod;
        return (ret*ret)%mod;
    }
    return ((n%mod)*(bigmod(n,pow-1,mod)%mod))%mod;
}


ll factorial_factor(int n, int t)
{
    ll ans=1;

    for(int i=0;i<SZ(prime) && prime[i]<=n;i++)
    {
        int nn=n;
        ll sum=0;
        while(nn/prime[i])
        {
            sum+=nn/prime[i];
            nn/=prime[i];
        }
        if(sum>=t)
        {
            sum/=t;
            ans*=bigmod(prime[i],sum,MOD);
            ans%=MOD;
        }
    }
    return ans;
}

int main()
{

     ///freopen("in.txt","r",stdin);
    ///freopen("out.txt","w",stdout);

    sieve();
    int t;
    sf(t);
    TEST_CASE(t)
    {
        int a,b;
        sff(a,b);
        ll xx=factorial_factor(a,b);
        PRINT_CASE;
        if(xx==1)
            pf("-1\n");
        else
            pf("%lld\n",xx);
    }

    return 0;
}


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Light OJ: 1163 – Bank Robbery

Problem Link : http://lightoj.com:81/volume/problem/1163


/*

SOLUTION IDEA:
--------------

 Let, the given number is X = A - B. Here, B = A/10.
            So, A - A/10 = X
                A - (A-A%10)/10 = X
                10A - A + (A%10) = 10X
                9A = 10X - K , let K = A%10
                A = (10X - K)/9
                A = X + (X - K)/9
            For K equals to 0 to 9, if (X - K)%9 = 0, then A would be a solution.
            If we get a solution for K = 0, then we would also get a solution for
            K = 9 in this case. That means, if X%9 = 0, then there exists two solution.

*/

/*
     If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door.

            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
            |S|.|S|.|R|.|A|.|S|.|A|.|M|.|K|
            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

    Success is how high you bounce when you hit bottom.
*/


#include <bits/stdc++.h>

#define pii              pair <int,int>
#define pll              pair <long long,long long>
#define sc               scanf
#define pf               printf
#define Pi               2*acos(0.0)
#define ms(a,b)          memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define pb(a)            push_back(a)
#define MP               make_pair
#define db               double
#define ll               long long
#define EPS              10E-10
#define ff               first
#define ss               second
#define sqr(x)           (x)*(x)
#define D(x)             cout<<#x " = "<<(x)<<endl
#define VI               vector <int>
#define DBG              pf("Hi\n")
#define MOD              1000000007
#define CIN              ios_base::sync_with_stdio(0); cin.tie(0)
#define SZ(a)            (int)a.size()
#define sf(a)            scanf("%d",&a)
#define sfl(a)           scanf("%lld",&a)
#define sff(a,b)         scanf("%d %d",&a,&b)
#define sffl(a,b)        scanf("%lld %lld",&a,&b)
#define sfff(a,b,c)      scanf("%d %d %d",&a,&b,&c)
#define sfffl(a,b,c)     scanf("%lld %lld %lld",&a,&b,&c)
#define stlloop(v)       for(__typeof(v.begin()) it=v.begin();it!=v.end();it++)
#define loop(i,n)        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
#define REP(i,a,b)       for(int i=a;i<b;i++)
#define RREP(i,a,b)      for(int i=a;i>=b;i--)
#define TEST_CASE(t)     for(int z=1;z<=t;z++)
#define PRINT_CASE       printf("Case %d: ",z)
#define CASE_PRINT       cout<<"Case "<<z<<": "
#define all(a)           a.begin(),a.end()
#define intlim           2147483648
#define infinity         (1<<28)
#define ull              unsigned long long
#define gcd(a, b)        __gcd(a, b)
#define lcm(a, b)        ((a)*((b)/gcd(a,b)))

using namespace std;


/*----------------------Graph Moves----------------*/
//const int fx[]={+1,-1,+0,+0};
//const int fy[]={+0,+0,+1,-1};
//const int fx[]={+0,+0,+1,-1,-1,+1,-1,+1};   // Kings Move
//const int fy[]={-1,+1,+0,+0,+1,+1,-1,-1};  // Kings Move
//const int fx[]={-2, -2, -1, -1,  1,  1,  2,  2};  // Knights Move
//const int fy[]={-1,  1, -2,  2, -2,  2, -1,  1}; // Knights Move
/*------------------------------------------------*/

/*-----------------------Bitmask------------------*/
//int Set(int N,int pos){return N=N | (1<<pos);}
//int reset(int N,int pos){return N= N & ~(1<<pos);}
//bool check(int N,int pos){return (bool)(N & (1<<pos));}
/*------------------------------------------------*/


int main()
{

     ///freopen("in.txt","r",stdin);
    ///freopen("out.txt","w",stdout);

    int t;
    sf(t);
    TEST_CASE(t)
    {
        ll a;
        sfl(a);
        bool test=0;
        PRINT_CASE;
        for(int i=9;i>=0;i--)
        {
            if((a-i)%9==0)
                {
                    if(test) printf(" ");
                    printf("%lld",a+((a-i)/9));
                    test=1;
                }
        }
        printf("\n");
    }

    return 0;
}




Light OJ 1014 – Ifter Party

Problem Link : http://lightoj.com:81/volume/problem/1014


/*
     If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door.

            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
            |S|.|S|.|R|.|A|.|S|.|A|.|M|.|K|
            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

    Success is how high you bounce when you hit bottom.
*/


#include <bits/stdc++.h>

#define pii              pair <int,int>
#define pll              pair <long long,long long>
#define sc               scanf
#define pf               printf
#define Pi               2*acos(0.0)
#define ms(a,b)          memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define pb(a)            push_back(a)
#define MP               make_pair
#define db               double
#define ll               long long
#define EPS              10E-10
#define ff               first
#define ss               second
#define sqr(x)           (x)*(x)
#define D(x)             cout<<#x " = "<<(x)<<endl
#define VI               vector <int>
#define DBG              pf("Hi\n")
#define MOD              1000000007
#define CIN              ios_base::sync_with_stdio(0); cin.tie(0)
#define SZ(a)            (int)a.size()
#define sf(a)            scanf("%d",&a)
#define sfl(a)           scanf("%lld",&a)
#define sff(a,b)         scanf("%d %d",&a,&b)
#define sffl(a,b)        scanf("%lld %lld",&a,&b)
#define sfff(a,b,c)      scanf("%d %d %d",&a,&b,&c)
#define sfffl(a,b,c)     scanf("%lld %lld %lld",&a,&b,&c)
#define stlloop(v)       for(__typeof(v.begin()) it=v.begin();it!=v.end();it++)
#define loop(i,n)        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
#define REP(i,a,b)       for(int i=a;i<b;i++)
#define RREP(i,a,b)      for(int i=a;i>=b;i--)
#define TEST_CASE(t)     for(int z=1;z<=t;z++)
#define PRINT_CASE       printf("Case %d: ",z)
#define CASE_PRINT       cout<<"Case "<<z<<": "
#define all(a)           a.begin(),a.end()
#define intlim           2147483648
#define infinity         (1<<28)
#define ull              unsigned long long
#define gcd(a, b)        __gcd(a, b)
#define lcm(a, b)        ((a)*((b)/gcd(a,b)))

using namespace std;


/*----------------------Graph Moves----------------*/
//const int fx[]={+1,-1,+0,+0};
//const int fy[]={+0,+0,+1,-1};
//const int fx[]={+0,+0,+1,-1,-1,+1,-1,+1};   // Kings Move
//const int fy[]={-1,+1,+0,+0,+1,+1,-1,-1};  // Kings Move
//const int fx[]={-2, -2, -1, -1,  1,  1,  2,  2};  // Knights Move
//const int fy[]={-1,  1, -2,  2, -2,  2, -1,  1}; // Knights Move
/*------------------------------------------------*/

/*-----------------------Bitmask------------------*/
//int Set(int N,int pos){return N=N | (1<<pos);}
//int reset(int N,int pos){return N= N & ~(1<<pos);}
//bool check(int N,int pos){return (bool)(N & (1<<pos));}
/*------------------------------------------------*/

bool vis[1000005];
vector<int>v;

void sieve()
{
    for(int i=2;i<1000002;)
    {
        if(vis[i]==0)
        {
            v.pb(i);
            for(int j=i+i;j<1000002;j+=i)
                vis[j]=1;
        }
        for(++i;;i++) if(vis[i]==0) break;
    }
}

int prime[1000000],cnt[1000000],k,l,p;

void gen_div(int n)
{
    k=0;
    int aa=sqrt(n)+1;
    for(int i=0;v[i]<=aa;i++)
    {
        if(n%v[i]==0)
        {
            int cntt=0;
            while(n%v[i]==0)
            {
                n/=v[i];
                cntt++;
            }
            prime[k]=v[i];
            cnt[k]=cntt;
            k++;
        }
    }
    if(n>1)
    {
        prime[k]=n;
        cnt[k]=1;
        k++;
    }
}

vector<int>ans;

void gen_ans(int idx, int num)
{
    if(idx>=k)
    {
        if(num>p) ans.pb(num);
        return;
    }
    int val=1;
    for(int i=0;i<=cnt[idx];i++)
    {
        gen_ans(idx+1,val*num);
        val*=prime[idx];
    }
}


int main()
{

     ///freopen("in.txt","r",stdin);
    ///freopen("out.txt","w",stdout);

    sieve();

    int t;
    sf(t);
    TEST_CASE(t)
    {
        sff(l,p);
        gen_div(l-p);
        ans.clear();
        gen_ans(0,1);
        sort(all(ans));
        PRINT_CASE;
        if(SZ(ans)==0)
            pf("impossible\n");
        else
        {
            pf("%d",ans[0]);
           REP(i,1,SZ(ans)) pf(" %d",ans[i]);
           pf("\n");
        }

    }

    return 0;
}

Light OJ 1197 – Help Hanzo

Problem Link : http://lightoj.com/volume_showproblem.php?problem=1197


/*
     If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door.

            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
            |S|.|S|.|R|.|A|.|S|.|A|.|M|.|K|
            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

    Success is how high you bounce when you hit bottom.
*/


#include <bits/stdc++.h>

#define pii              pair <int,int>
#define pll              pair <long long,long long>
#define sc               scanf
#define pf               printf
#define Pi               2*acos(0.0)
#define ms(a,b)          memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define pb(a)            push_back(a)
#define MP               make_pair
#define db               double
#define ll               long long
#define EPS              10E-10
#define ff               first
#define ss               second
#define sqr(x)           (x)*(x)
#define D(x)             cout<<#x " = "<<(x)<<endl
#define VI               vector <int>
#define DBG              pf("Hi\n")
#define MOD              1000000007
#define CIN              ios_base::sync_with_stdio(0); cin.tie(0)
#define SZ(a)            (int)a.size()
#define sf(a)            scanf("%d",&a)
#define sfl(a)           scanf("%lld",&a)
#define sff(a,b)         scanf("%d %d",&a,&b)
#define sffl(a,b)        scanf("%lld %lld",&a,&b)
#define sfff(a,b,c)      scanf("%d %d %d",&a,&b,&c)
#define sfffl(a,b,c)     scanf("%lld %lld %lld",&a,&b,&c)
#define stlloop(v)       for(__typeof(v.begin()) it=v.begin();it!=v.end();it++)
#define loop(i,n)        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
#define REP(i,a,b)       for(int i=a;i<b;i++)
#define RREP(i,a,b)      for(int i=a;i>=b;i--)
#define TEST_CASE(t)     for(int z=1;z<=t;z++)
#define PRINT_CASE       printf("Case %d: ",z)
#define CASE_PRINT       cout<<"Case "<<z<<": "
#define all(a)           a.begin(),a.end()
#define intlim           2147483648
#define infinity         (1<<28)
#define ull              unsigned long long
#define gcd(a, b)        __gcd(a, b)
#define lcm(a, b)        ((a)*((b)/gcd(a,b)))

using namespace std;


/*----------------------Graph Moves----------------*/
//const int fx[]={+1,-1,+0,+0};
//const int fy[]={+0,+0,+1,-1};
//const int fx[]={+0,+0,+1,-1,-1,+1,-1,+1};   // Kings Move
//const int fy[]={-1,+1,+0,+0,+1,+1,-1,-1};  // Kings Move
//const int fx[]={-2, -2, -1, -1,  1,  1,  2,  2};  // Knights Move
//const int fy[]={-1,  1, -2,  2, -2,  2, -1,  1}; // Knights Move
/*------------------------------------------------*/

/*-----------------------Bitmask------------------*/
//int Set(int N,int pos){return N=N | (1<<pos);}
//int reset(int N,int pos){return N= N & ~(1<<pos);}
//bool check(int N,int pos){return (bool)(N & (1<<pos));}
/*------------------------------------------------*/

#define maxx 100005
bitset<maxx>vis;

vector<int>prime;

void sieve()
{

    int x=maxx/2, y=sqrt(maxx)/2;
    for(int i=1;i<=y;i++)
    {
        if(vis[i])
        {
            for(int j=(i*(i+1))*2;j<=x;j+=(2*i)+1)
                vis[j]=1;
        }
    }
    prime.pb(2);
    for(int i=3;i<maxx;i+=2)
        if(vis[i/2]==0)
            prime.pb(i);
}

int segmented_sieve(int a, int b)
{
    vis=0;
    if(b<2) return 0;
    if(a<2) a=2;
    int xx=sqrt((double)b)+1;
    for(ll i=0;i<SZ(prime) && prime[i]<=xx;i++)
    {
        ll j=(a/prime[i]);
        if(a%prime[i]!=0) j++;
        j*=prime[i];
        if(j==prime[i]) j+=prime[i];
        for(;j<=b;j+=prime[i])
            vis[j-a]=1;
    }
    int cnt=0;
    for(ll i=a;i<=b;i++)
        if(vis[i-a]==0) cnt++;
    return cnt;
}

int main()
{

     ///freopen("in.txt","r",stdin);
    ///freopen("out.txt","w",stdout);
    sieve();
    int t;
    sf(t);
    TEST_CASE(t)
    {
        ll a,b;
        sffl(a,b);
        PRINT_CASE;
        printf("%d\n",segmented_sieve(a,b));
    }
    return 0;
}


SPOJ CPRIME – Prime Number Theorem

Problem Link : http://www.spoj.com/problems/CPRIME/


/*
     If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door.

            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
            |S|.|S|.|R|.|A|.|S|.|A|.|M|.|K|
            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

    Success is how high you bounce when you hit bottom.
*/


#include <bits/stdc++.h>

#define pii              pair <int,int>
#define pll              pair <long long,long long>
#define sc               scanf
#define pf               printf
#define Pi               2*acos(0.0)
#define ms(a,b)          memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define pb(a)            push_back(a)
#define MP               make_pair
#define db               double
#define ll               long long
#define EPS              10E-10
#define ff               first
#define ss               second
#define sqr(x)           (x)*(x)
#define D(x)             cout<<#x " = "<<(x)<<endl
#define VI               vector <int>
#define DBG              pf("Hi\n")
#define MOD              1000000007
#define CIN              ios_base::sync_with_stdio(0); cin.tie(0)
#define SZ(a)            (int)a.size()
#define sf(a)            scanf("%d",&a)
#define sfl(a)           scanf("%lld",&a)
#define sff(a,b)         scanf("%d %d",&a,&b)
#define sffl(a,b)        scanf("%lld %lld",&a,&b)
#define sfff(a,b,c)      scanf("%d %d %d",&a,&b,&c)
#define sfffl(a,b,c)     scanf("%lld %lld %lld",&a,&b,&c)
#define stlloop(v)       for(__typeof(v.begin()) it=v.begin();it!=v.end();it++)
#define loop(i,n)        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
#define REP(i,a,b)       for(int i=a;i<b;i++)
#define RREP(i,a,b)      for(int i=a;i>=b;i--)
#define TEST_CASE(t)     for(int z=1;z<=t;z++)
#define PRINT_CASE       printf("Case %d: ",z)
#define CASE_PRINT       cout<<"Case "<<z<<": "
#define all(a)           a.begin(),a.end()
#define intlim           2147483648
#define infinity         (1<<28)
#define ull              unsigned long long
#define gcd(a, b)        __gcd(a, b)
#define lcm(a, b)        ((a)*((b)/gcd(a,b)))

using namespace std;


/*----------------------Graph Moves----------------*/
//const int fx[]={+1,-1,+0,+0};
//const int fy[]={+0,+0,+1,-1};
//const int fx[]={+0,+0,+1,-1,-1,+1,-1,+1};   // Kings Move
//const int fy[]={-1,+1,+0,+0,+1,+1,-1,-1};  // Kings Move
//const int fx[]={-2, -2, -1, -1,  1,  1,  2,  2};  // Knights Move
//const int fy[]={-1,  1, -2,  2, -2,  2, -1,  1}; // Knights Move
/*------------------------------------------------*/

/*-----------------------Bitmask------------------*/
//int Set(int N,int pos){return N=N | (1<<pos);}
//int reset(int N,int pos){return N= N & ~(1<<pos);}
//bool check(int N,int pos){return (bool)(N & (1<<pos));}
/*------------------------------------------------*/

#define maxx 100000008

bitset<maxx/2> prime;

vector<int>v;

void sieve()
{
    int x=maxx/2, y=sqrt(maxx)/2;
    for(int i=1; i<=y; i++)
    {
        if(prime[i]==0)
        {
            for(int j=(i*(i+1))*2; j<=x; j+=(2*i)+1)
                prime[j]=1;
        }
    }
    v.pb(2);
    for(int i=3; i<maxx; i+=2)
        if(prime[i/2]==0)
            v.pb(i);
}

int main()
{

    ///freopen("in.txt","r",stdin);
    ///freopen("out.txt","w",stdout);

    sieve();
    int a;
    while(sf(a) && a)
    {
        int cnt=upper_bound(all(v),a)-v.begin();
        double aa=cnt;
        double bb=a;
        double ans=abs(aa-(bb/log(bb)))/aa;
        printf("%.1f\n",ans*100);
    }

    return 0;
}